Humanism is a renaissance cultural movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought. Renaissance Humanism originated in Northern Italy in the 14th century then spread to Western Europe in the 15th and 16th century. Humanism signified a contemporary rebirth. Humans were regarded as optimistic, and humanistic ways promoted new ways of thinking and promoted education. Humans were praised for achievements which were attributed to humanity and effort rather than divine grace. One concern facing Humanism was people were lead towards more time benefitting others in their daily lives rather than otherworldly interests such as the Church. Renaissance Humanism was also a response to the utilitarian approach and what came to be depicted as the “narrow pedantry,” which was associated with medieval scholasticism. Humanists sought to create citizenry able to speak and write with eloquence, and clarity, and they wanted to engage in civic life to persuade people to think more virtuous and prudent actions. Some famous Humanist include, Niccolo Machiavelli (Italian diplomat), Thomas More (philosopher), Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Nicholas Copernicus, and Galileo.